Publications

1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.1 Following the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic, Governments across the globe embarked on measures to safeguard the lives and health of their citizens. Some of the measures adopted were to lockdown areas or states with prevalence of Covid-19 transmissions, shut down borders, close down schools, cancel or postpone sporting activities, travels, etc. to avoid community or social spread of the virus.

1.2 In Nigeria, the Federal and State Governments took proactive steps by declaring the Covid-19 virus as an infectious disease and issued Regulations in line with the Quarantine and Public Health Act and Laws in order to safeguard lives and public health. By the Regulations, President Muhammadu Buhari, GCFR imposed a mandatory lockdown of FCT, Abuja, Lagos and Ogun States and ordered citizens to stay at home for an initial period of 14 days to enable the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) to trace, contact, test, isolate and treat persons who may have been exposed or contracted the virus. These measures were also replicated by some State Governors in their respective states.

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1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

President Muhammadu Buhari in his nationwide broadcast on 27th April 2020, announced a gradual, phased and partial lifting of Lockdown beginning from 4th May, 2020. This report therefore documents the various incidents of human rights violations allegedly perpetrated by security agencies and other actors after the partial lifting of lockdown commencing from 4th to 21st May, 2020.".

The report also documents the various thematic areas in which the violations occurred, the nature of the violations, the disaggregated data on state reported violations, the agencies of Government responsible for the violations as well as the response/action taken to remedy the violations.”.

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The State of Human Rights in Nigeria (2016-2017) Report is produced pursuant to Section 5(c) of the NHRC Act 1995 (as amended) which obligates the Commission to publish and submit from time to time, to the President, National Assembly, Judiciary, states and local governments report on the state of human rights promotion and protection in Nigeria.".

The Report is part of the series produced since 2006 maiden publication and builds on experience garnered over the years. While this publication does not completely contain all the various range of human rights issues, it is a reflection of pattern and nature of complaints received by the Commission in the headquarters and field offices within the years under review. The complaints are disaggregated according to thematic areas. The report covers Civil and Political Rights as well as Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. It also contains Reports in areas of Terrorism and Inter-Communal Conflict, Election and Political Participation, Niger Delta and the Environment amongst others. These are captured under different human rights issue-areas such as Right to Life, Right to Dignity of the Human Person and freedom from Torture, inhuman and degrading punishment; Right to Freedom from Discrimination, Sexual and Gender Based Violence, Right to Work and Right to Health, Education and Shelter among others.”.

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The Strategic Plan of the NHRC 2019-2022 seeks to strengthen the operations of the Commission in line with its expanded mandate enshrined in the National Human Rights Commission (Amendment) Act 2010 as the foremost national institution for the promotion and protection of all human rights guaranteed by the Constitution, other national laws, regional and international legal instruments on human rights".

The report of the Rapid Institutional Assessment (RIA) carried out by the Bureau for Public Service Reforms in 2017identified some of the challenges that have hindered the Commission from effectively carrying out its functions and made robust recommendations to address the challenges. This coincided with the appointment of a new Executive Secretary with a vision and drive to reposition the Commission. Accordingly, the current administration accepted to implement the recommendations of the RIA Report among which is the development of a Strategic Plan”.

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